Established in 1827, the University of Toronto is one of Canada's leading institutions for research in all areas of science, medicine and engineering. Newsweek International ranks the University of Toronto number-one in Canada, 18th in the world, and 5th outside of the United States. Research at the University of Toronto has been responsible for the world's first electronic heart pacemaker, artificial larynx, single-lung transplant, nerve transplant, artificial pancreas, chemical laser, G-suit, the first practical electron microscope, and the extraction of insulin.
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT) is home to all teacher preparation and educational research programs, including the largest and most innovative teacher certification program in Canada, and graduate programs in teaching, applied and developmental psychology, educational theory, policy, history and administration. OISE/UT is home to more than 150 tenure stream faculty, with over 2250 graduate students and 1300 teacher candidates per year. The Institute also houses the Education Commons, an innovative technology research, service and support organization that employs more than 20 professional staff specialists including hardware support, computer application programming, systems analysis, multimedia support and software application support. The Education Commons is an important asset for all research projects that include a technology component, as it manages all computer servers, software versioning and licensing, security, and development resources.
OISE/UT has gained an international reputation for its research in education and applied psychology. For example, Michael Fullan's work in education reform, Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter's ongoing research program in knowledge building, and Derek Hodson's work in science education have all contributed to a dynamic community of scholarship, instruction and graduate training.